A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

``SEC. 2103. NATIONAL TEACHER TRAINING PROJECT.

``(a) Short Title; Findings; Definitions.--
``(1) Short title.--This section may be cited as the `National Teacher Training Project Act of 1994'.
``(2) Findings.--The Congress finds that--
``(A) teachers must be major players in educational reform in the United States;
``(B) teachers are isolated from their peers and have virtually no time during the school day to consult with other teachers;
``(C) there is a shortage of sustained, year-round professional development programs for teachers;
``(D) successful teaching methods are not adequately shared among teachers;
``(E) teachers are the best teachers of other teachers because practicing classroom teachers have experience that no outside consultant can match;
``(F) it is important for universities and schools to collaborate on teacher development programs if teaching and learning are to be improved;
``(G) pertinent research is not shared among teachers in a professional setting;
``(H) exemplary teachers should be recognized for their abilities and contributions and encouraged to refine their teaching methods;
``(I) each State should support a nationally based teacher training program, that is modeled after the National Writing Project, for teachers of early childhood education, and for teachers of core academic subjects including teachers of mathematics, science, English, civics and government, foreign languages, and arts;
``(J) the National Writing Project is a nationally recognized and honored nonprofit organization that recognizes there are teachers in every region of the United States who have developed successful methods for teaching writing and that such teachers can be trained and encouraged to train other teachers;
``(K) the National Writing Project is a collaborative university-school program which offers summer and school year inservice teacher training programs and a dissemination network to inform and teach teachers regarding developments in the field of writing;
``(L) each year, over 125,000 teachers voluntarily seek training in National Writing Project intensive summer institutes and workshops and school year inservice programs through one of the 155 sites located within the United States, and in 18 sites located outside of the United States;
``(M) in the 20 years of its existence, over 1,100,000 teachers, administrators, and parents have participated in National Writing Project programs;
``(N) less than $16 per teacher was the average cost in Federal dollars for all teacher training at writing projects in academic year 1991091992;
``(O) for every dollar in Federal support, the National Writing Project provides over $5 in matching funds from States, local universities and schools, and the private sector;
``(P) private foundation resources, although generous in the past concerning National Writing Project programs, are inadequate to fund all of the National Teacher Training Project sites needed, and the future of the program is in jeopardy without secure financial support;
``(Q) the National Writing Project has become a model for programs in other fields, such as science, mathematics, history, literature, foreign languages, and the performing arts, and the development of programs in other fields should continue with the support of Federal funds; and
``(R) each of the 50 States should participate in the National Teacher Training Project by establishing regional teacher training sites in early childhood development, mathematics, science, English, civics and government, foreign languages, and arts to serve all teachers within the State.
``(3) Definitions.--For the purpose of this section--
``(A) the term `contractor' means--
``(i) a local educational agency;
``(ii) an educational service agency; or
``(iii) an institution of higher education that awards a bachelor's degree; and
``(B) the term `eligible recipient' means a nonprofit educational organization which has as its primary purpose the improvement of student learning in one of the core academic subjects described in subsection (b)(2).
``(b) Grants Authorized.--
``(1) Grants to eligible recipients.--The Secretary is authorized to award a grant to an eligible recipient to enable such recipient--
``(A) to support and promote the establishment of teacher training programs in early childhood development and one of the nine core subject areas described in paragraph (2), including the dissemination of effective practices and research findings regarding teacher training, and administrative activities;
``(B) to support classroom research on effective teaching practices in such area; and
``(C) to pay the Federal share of the cost of such programs and research.
``(2) Core subject areas.--To the extent feasible, the Secretary shall award a grant under paragraph (1) for the establishment of a National Teacher Training Project in early childhood development and each of the following core subject areas:
``(A) Mathematics.
``(B) Science.
``(C) English.
``(D) Civics and government.
``(E) Foreign languages.
``(F) Arts.
``(G) Geography.
``(H) History.
``(I) Economics.
``(3) Number of grants and eligible recipients.--The Secretary shall award not more than ten grants under paragraph (1) to ten different eligible recipients.
``(4) Equitable distribution.--The Secretary shall award grants under paragraph (1) to eligible recipients from different geographic areas of the United States.
``(5) Special rule.--Each grant under paragraph (1) shall be of sufficient size, scope, and quality to be effective.
``(6) Administrative costs and technical assistance.--Each eligible recipient receiving a grant under paragraph (1) may use not more than a total of 5 percent of the grant funds for administrative costs and the costs of providing technical assistance to a contractor.
``(c) Grant Requirements.--Each eligible recipient receiving a grant under subsection (b) shall--
``(1) enter into a contract with a contractor under which such contractor agrees--
``(A) to establish, operate, and provide the non-Federal share of the cost of teacher training programs in effective approaches and processes for the teaching of the core academic subjects for which such eligible recipient was awarded a grant, including approaches and processes to obtain parental involvement in a child's education; and
``(B) to use funds received from the eligible recipient to pay the Federal share of the cost of establishing and operating teacher training programs described in subparagraph (A);
``(2) to submit annual reports to the Secretary and be responsible for oversight of the funds expended at each teacher training program described in subparagraph (A); and
``(3) meet such other conditions and standards as the Secretary determines to be necessary to ensure compliance with this section and provide such technical assistance as may be necessary to carry out this section.
``(d) Teacher Training Programs.--The teacher training programs described in subsection (b) shall--
``(1) be conducted during the school year and during the summer months;
``(2) train teachers who teach grades kindergarten through college;
``(3) select teachers to become members of a National Teacher Training Project, which members shall conduct inservice workshops for other teachers in the area subject matter served by the National Teacher Training Project site;
``(4) use teacher training principles and receive technical assistance from the National Writing Project; and
``(5) encourage teachers from all disciplines to participate in such teacher training programs.
``(e) Federal Share.--The term `Federal share' means, with respect to the costs of teacher training programs described in subsection (b), 50 percent of such costs to the contractor.
``(f) Application.--Each eligible recipient desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
``(g) Participants and Selection Process.--The selection process for participation in a teacher training program described in subsection (b) shall--
``(1) reward exemplary teachers with varying levels of teaching experience who are nominated by other teachers and administrators;
``(2) involve an application process to select participants for a summer program;
``(3) ensure the selection of a geographically and ethnically diverse group of teachers by soliciting applications from teachers of both public and private institutions in rural, urban, and suburban settings in each State; and
``(4) automatically offer a place in a summer program to the `Teacher of the Year' chosen pursuant to a Federal or State teacher recognition program.
``(h) Limitation.--A contractor entering into a contract under subsection (c)(1) shall not spend more than 5 percent of funds received under the contract for administrative costs.

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SEC. 2102. AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES. Table of Contents PART B--STATE AND LOCAL ACTIVITIES