A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n


``(a) In General.--In all schools selected to receive funds under section 1113(c) that are ineligible for a schoolwide program under section 1114, or that choose not to operate such a schoolwide program, a local educational agency may use funds received under this part only for programs that provide services to eligible children under subsection (b) identified as having the greatest need for special assistance.
``(b) Eligible Children.--
``(1) Eligible population.--
``(A) The eligible population for services under this part is--
``(i) children not older than age 21 who are entitled to a free public education through grade 12; and
``(ii) children who are not yet at a grade level where the local educational agency provides a free public education, yet are of an age at which such children can benefit from an organized instructional program provided in a school or other educational setting.
``(B) From the population described in subparagraph (A), eligible children are children identified by the school as failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet the State's challenging student performance standards on the basis of multiple, educationally related, objective criteria established by the local educational agency and supplemented by the school, except that children from preschool through grade two shall be selected solely on the basis of such criteria as teacher judgment, interviews with parents, and developmentally appropriate measures.
``(2) Children included.--
``(i) Children who are economically disadvantaged, children with disabilities, migrant children or limited English proficient children, are eligible for services under this part on the same basis as other children selected to receive services under this part.
``(ii) Funds received under this part may not be used to provide services that are otherwise required by law to be made available to such children but may be used to coordinate or supplement such services.
``(B) A child who, at any time in the two years preceding the year for which the determination is made, participated in a Head Start or Even Start program, is eligible for services under this part.
``(i) A child who, at any time in the two years preceding the year for which the determination is made, received services under the program for youth who are neglected, delinquent, or at risk of dropping out under part D (or its predecessor authority) may be eligible for services under this part.
``(ii) A child in a local institution for neglected or delinquent children or attending a community day program for such children may be eligible for services under this part.
``(D) A child who is homeless and attending any school in the local educational agency may be eligible for services under this part.
``(c) Components of a Targeted Assistance School Program.--
``(1) In general.--To assist targeted assistance schools and local educational agencies to meet their responsibility to provide for all their students served under this part the opportunity to meet the State's student performance standards in subjects as determined by the State, each targeted assistance program under this section shall--
``(A) use such program's resources under this part to help participating children meet such State student performance standards expected for all children;
``(B) be based on effective means for improving achievement of children;
``(C) ensure that planning for students served under this part is incorporated into existing school planning;
``(D) use effective instructional strategies that--
``(i) give primary consideration to providing extended learning time such as an extended school year, before- and after-school, and summer, programs and opportunities;
``(ii) help provide an accelerated, high-quality curriculum, including applied learning; and
``(iii) minimize removing children from the regular classroom during regular school hours for instruction provided under this part;
``(E) coordinate with and support the regular education program, which may include--
``(i) counseling, mentoring, and other pupil services;
``(ii) college and career awareness and preparation, such as college and career guidance, comprehensive career development, occupational information, enhancement of employability skills and occupational skills, personal finance education, job placement services, and innovative teaching methods which may include applied learning and team teaching strategies;
``(iii) services to prepare students for the transition from school to work, including the formation of partnerships between elementary, middle, and secondary schools and local businesses, and the integration of school-based and work-based learning; and
``(iv) services to assist preschool children in the transition from early childhood programs to elementary school programs;
``(F) provide instruction by highly qualified staff;
``(G) in accordance with subsection (e)(3) and section 1119, provide opportunities for professional development with resources provided under this part, and from other sources to the extent feasible, for administrators and for teachers and other school staff who work with participating children in programs under this section or in the regular education program; and
``(H) provide strategies to increase parental involvement, such as family literary services.
``(2) Requirements.--Each school conducting a program under this section shall assist participating children selected in accordance with subsection (b) to meet the State's proficient and advanced levels of performance by--
``(A) the coordination of resources provided under this part with other resources to enable the children served to meet the State content standards and State student performance standards; and
``(B) reviewing, on an ongoing basis, the progress of participating children and revising the targeted assistance program, if necessary, to provide additional assistance to enable such children to meet the State's challenging student performance standards, such as an extended school year, before- and after- school, and summer, programs and opportunities, training for teachers regarding how to identify students that require additional assistance, and training for teachers regarding how to implement student performance standards in the classroom.
``(d) Assignment of Personnel.--To promote the integration of staff supported with funds under this part and children served under this part into the regular school program and overall school planning and improvement efforts, public school personnel who are paid with funds received under this part may--
``(1) assume limited duties that are assigned to similar personnel who are not so paid, including duties beyond classroom instruction or that do not benefit participating children, so long as the amount of time spent on such duties is the same proportion of total work time as prevails with respect to similar personnel at the same school;
``(2) participate in general professional development and school planning activities; and
``(3) collaboratively teach with regular classroom teachers, if such collaborative teaching directly benefits participating children.
``(e) Special Rules.--
``(1) Simultaneous service.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a school from serving students served under this section simultaneously with students with similar educational needs, in the same educational settings where appropriate.
``(2) Comprehensive services.--If health, nutrition, and other social services are not otherwise available to eligible children in a targeted assistance school and such school, if appropriate, has engaged in a comprehensive needs assessment and established a collaborative partnership with local service providers, and if funds are not reasonably available from other public or private sources to provide services under this part, then a portion of the funds provided under this part may be used as a last resort to provide such services, including--
``(A) the provision of basic medical equipment, such as eyeglasses and hearing aids;
``(B) compensation of a coordinator; and
``(C) professional development necessary to assist teachers, pupil services personnel, other staff, and parents in identifying and meeting the comprehensive needs of eligible children.
``(3) Professional development.--Each school receiving funds under this part for any fiscal year shall devote sufficient resources to effectively carry out the professional development activities described in subparagraph (G) of subsection (c)(1) in accordance with section 1119, for such fiscal year, except that a school may enter into a consortium with another school to carry out such activities.