A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n


(a) Use of Funds for Schoolwide Programs.--
(1) In general.--A local educational agency may use funds under this part, in combination with other Federal, State, and local funds, in order to upgrade the entire educational program in a school described in subparagraph (A) or (B) if, for the initial year of the schoolwide program, the school meets either of the following criteria:
(A) For the school year 1995-1996--
(i) the school serves an eligible school attendance area in which not less than 60 percent of the children are from low-income families; or
(ii) not less than 60 percent of the children enrolled in the school are from such families.
(B) For the school year 1996-1997 and subsequent years--
(i) the school serves an eligible school attendance area in which not less than 50 percent of the children are from low-income families; or
(ii) not less than 50 percent of the children enrolled in the school are from such families.
(2) State assurances.--
(A) A local educational agency may start new schoolwide programs under this section only after the State educational agency provides written information to each local educational agency in the State that demonstrates that such State agency has established the statewide system of support and improvement required by subsections (c)(1) and (e) of section 1117.
(B) A school that desires to initiate a schoolwide program under this section prior to the establishment of the statewide system of support and improvement required in subsections (c)(1) and (e) of section 1117 shall demonstrate to the local educational agency that such school has received high quality technical assistance and support from other providers of assistance such as comprehensive technical assistance centers, regional laboratories, institutions of higher education, educational service agencies, or other local consortia.
(3) Identification.--
(A) No school participating in a schoolwide program shall be required to identify particular children under this part as eligible to participate in a schoolwide program or to provide supplemental services to such children.
(B) A school participating in a schoolwide program shall use funds available to carry out this section only to supplement the amount of funds that would, in the absence of funds under this part, be made available from non-Federal sources for the school, including funds needed to provide services that are required by law for children with disabilities and children with limited English proficiency.
(4) Special rule.--
(A) Except as provided in subsection (b), the Secretary may, through publication of a notice in the Federal Register, exempt schoolwide programs under this section from statutory or regulatory provisions of any other noncompetitive formula grant program administered by the Secretary, or any discretionary grant program administered by the Secretary (other than formula or discretionary grant programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), to support schoolwide programs, if the intent and purposes of such other programs are met.
(B) A school that chooses to use funds from such other programs shall not be relieved of the requirements relating to health, safety, civil rights, gender equity, student and parental participation and involvement, services to private school children, maintenance of effort, comparability of services, uses of Federal funds to supplement, not supplant non-Federal funds, or the distribution of funds to State or local educational agencies that apply to the receipt of funds from such programs.
(5) Professional development.--Each school receiving funds under this part for any fiscal year shall devote sufficient resources to effectively carry out the activities described in subsection (b)(1)(D) in accordance with section 1119 for such fiscal year, except that a school may enter into a consortium with another school to carry out such activities.
(b) Components of a Schoolwide Program.--
(1) In general.--A schoolwide program shall include the following components:
(A) A comprehensive needs assessment of the entire school that is based on information on the performance of children in relation to the State content standards and the State student performance standards described in section 1111(b)(1).
(B) Schoolwide reform strategies that--
(i) provide opportunities for all children to meet the State's proficient and advanced levels of student performance described in section 1111(b)(1)(D);
(ii) are based on effective means of improving the achievement of children;
(iii) use effective instructional strategies, which may include the integration of vocational and academic learning (including applied learning and team teaching strategies), that--
(I) increase the amount and quality of learning time, such as providing an extended school year and before- and after-school and summer programs and opportunities, and help provide an enriched and accelerated curriculum; and
(II) include strategies for meeting the educational needs of historically underserved populations, including girls and women;
(I) address the needs of all children in the school, but particularly the needs of children who are members of the target population of any program that is included in the schoolwide program, which may include--
(aa) counseling, pupil services, and mentoring services;
(bb) college and career awareness and preparation, such as college and career guidance, comprehensive career development, occupational information, enhancement of employability skills and occupational skills, personal finance education, job placement services, and innovative teaching methods which may include applied learning and team teaching strategies;
(cc) services to prepare students for the transition from school to work, including the formation of partnerships between elementary, middle, and secondary schools and local businesses, and the integration of school-based and work-based learning; and
(dd) incorporation of gender-equitable methods and practices; and
(II) address how the school will determine if such needs have been met; and
(vii) are consistent with, and are designed to implement, the State and local improvement plans, if any, approved under title III of the Goals 2000: Educate America Act.
(C) Instruction by highly qualified professional staff.
(D) In accordance with section 1119 and subsection (a)(5), professional development for teachers and aides, and, where appropriate, pupil services personnel, parents, principals, and other staff to enable all children in the school to meet the State's student performance standards.
(E) Strategies to increase parental involvement, such as family literary services.
(F) Plans for assisting preschool children in the transition from early childhood programs, such as Head Start, Even Start, or a State-run preschool program, to local elementary school programs.
(G) Measures to include teachers in the decisions regarding the use of assessments described in section 1112(b)(1) in order to provide information on, and to improve, the performance of individual students and the overall instructional program.
(H) Activities to ensure that students who experience difficulty mastering any of the standards required by section 1111(b) during the course of the school year shall be provided with effective, timely additional assistance, which shall include--
(i) measures to ensure that students' difficulties are identified on a timely basis and to provide sufficient information on which to base effective assistance;
(ii) to the extent the school determines feasible using funds under this part, periodic training for teachers in how to identify such difficulties and to provide assistance to individual students; and
(iii) for any student who has not met such standards, teacher-parent conferences, at which time the teacher and parents shall discuss--
(I) what the school will do to help the student meet such standards;
(II) what the parents can do to help the student improve the student's performance; and
(III) additional assistance which may be available to the student at the school or elsewhere in the community.
(2) Plan.--
(A) Any eligible school that desires to operate a schoolwide program shall first develop (or amend a plan for such a program that was in existence before the date of enactment of the Improving America's Schools Act of 1994), in consultation with the local educational agency and its school support team or other technical assistance provider under subsections (c)(1) and (e) of section 1117, a comprehensive plan for reforming the total instructional program in the school that--
(i) incorporates the components described in paragraph (1);
(ii) describes how the school will use resources under this part and from other sources to implement those components;
(iii) includes a list of State and local educational agency programs and other Federal programs under subsection (a)(4) that will be included in the schoolwide program;
(iv) describes how the school will provide individual student assessment results, including an interpretation of those results, to the parents of a child who participates in the assessment required by section 1111(b)(3);
(v) provides for the collection of data on the achievement and assessment results of students disaggregated by gender, major ethnic or racial groups, limited English proficiency status, migrant students, and by children with disabilities as compared to other students, and by economically disadvantaged students as compared to students who are not economically disadvantaged;
(vi) seeks to produce statistically sound results for each category for which assessment results are disaggregated through the use of oversampling or other means; and
(vii) provides for the public reporting of disaggregated data only when such reporting is statistically sound.
(B) Plans developed before a State has adopted standards and a set of assessments that meet the criteria in paragraphs (1) and (3) of section 1111(b) shall be based on an analysis of available data on the achievement of students in the school and effective instructional and school improvement practices.
(C) The comprehensive plan shall be--
(i) developed during a one-year period, unless--
(I) the local educational agency, after considering the recommendation of the technical assistance providers under subsections (c) and (e) of section 1117, determines that less time is needed to develop and implement the schoolwide program; or
(II) the school is operating a schoolwide program on the day preceding the date of enactment of the Improving America's Schools Act of 1994, in which case such school may continue to operate such program, but shall develop a new plan during the first year of assistance under such Act to reflect the provisions of this section;
(ii) developed with the involvement of the community to be served and individuals who will carry out such plan, including teachers, principals, other staff, and, where appropriate, pupil services personnel, and parents, and, if the plan relates to a secondary school, students from such school;
(iii) in effect for the duration of the school's participation under this part and reviewed and revised, as necessary, by the school;
(iv) available to the local educational agency, parents, and the public, and the information contained in such plan shall be translated, to the extent feasible, into any language that a significant percentage of the parents of participating children in the school speak as their primary language; and
(v) where appropriate, developed in coordination with programs under the School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994, the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act, and the National and Community Service Act of 1990.
(c) Accountability.--A schoolwide program under this section shall be subject to the school improvement provisions of section 1116.