A r c h i v e d I n f o r m a t i o n
Research-Based Instruction in Reading
Student Achievement and School Accountability Conference
Text (slide 13):
Some Approaches to Phonics Instruction
- Synthetic (explicit) phonics--Children learn how to convert letters or letter combinations into sounds, and then how to blend the sounds together to form recognizable words. Children have learned the letters m, a, n and the corresponding sounds /m/ /a/ /n/. They blend them to make the word man.
- Analytic (implicit) phonics--Children learn to analyze letter-sound relationships in previously learned words. They do not pronounce sounds in isolation. Children see and say the word man. The teacher tells the students that the letter m makes the beginning sound in man.