About ED ED PERFORMANCE & ACCOUNTABILITY
Annual Report to Congress
Of the Office for Civil Rights
Fiscal Year 2006

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IV. COMPLIANCE REVIEWS AND OTHER PROACTIVE INITIATIVES

In addition to resolving complaints, OCR initiates compliance reviews and takes other proactive steps to focus on specific compliance problems that are particularly acute or national in scope. It has been OCR’s experience that targeted compliance reviews and proactive initiatives increase the impact of OCR’s resources, complement the complaint resolution process, and can benefit larger numbers of students than sole reliance on complaint resolutions, which may involve only one student. Compliance review sites are selected based on various sources of information, including information provided by parents, education groups, media, community organizations, and the public, and, in certain circumstances, on statistical data if they are supported by other sources of information.

In FY 2006, OCR focused significant resources on resolving pending compliance reviews. In FY 2006, OCR resolved 72 of 106 reviews, exceeding the FY 2005 total number of reviews resolved. In addition, OCR initiated nine new compliance reviews that focused on several important areas, including sexual harassment, minorities in special education, Title IX grievance procedures, services for students with limited English proficiency and inappropriate inclusion of students with limited English proficiency in special education. More specific information about the compliance reviews resolved during FY 2006 is included later in this report. Table 2 shows the number of reviews initiated and resolved by compliance issue.

Table 2. OCR Compliance Reviews Initiated and Resolved, by Issue: FY 2006
Compliance Issue
Initiated
Resolved*
Accessibility (Section 504, ADA Title II)
0
13
Discipline (Title VI)
1
0
Access to Gifted and Talented (Title VI)
0
2
Services for Students with Limited English Proficiency/Limited English Proficient Students and Special Education (Title VI, Section 504, ADA Title II)
2
9
Minorities and Special Education
(Title VI, Section 504, Title II ADA)
1
26
Procedural Requirements (Title IX)
1
15
Procedural Requirements (Title IX, 504, Title VI, Age)
2
0
Sexual Harassment (Title IX)
2
7

Total
* Includes compliance reviews carried over from previous years.

9
72

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Last Modified: 11/01/2007