Of the Office for Civil Rights
Fiscal Year 2006
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C. Higher Education Desegregation Agreements
In the 1994 U.S. Supreme Court case United States v. Fordice (Fordice), the Court set forth standards for determining whether states that previously operated racially segregated higher education systems had met their affirmative duty to dismantle those systems and their vestiges under the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and Title VI. After the Fordice decision, OCR negotiated and entered into agreements to address and resolve higher education desegregation compliance issues in Florida, Texas, Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia.
During FY 2006, OCR continued to monitor implementation of its higher education agreements with the seven states, which continued to make progress in enhancing the programs and facilities of their historically black institutions and in carrying out the other commitments in their agreements. OCR continues to monitor the progress in those states to ensure compliance with Title VI.