Annual Report to Congress FY 2004
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Higher Education Agreements
In United States v. Fordice the U.S. Supreme Court set out standards for determining whether states that previously operated racially segregated higher education systems have met their affirmative duty to dismantle those systems and their vestiges under the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and Title VI. After the decision, OCR negotiated and entered into agreements to eliminate such vestiges in Florida, Texas, Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia.
During FY 2004, OCR continued to monitor the implementation of its higher education agreements with the seven states. The states made progress in enhancing the facilities of their historically black institutions. For example, Prairie View A&M and Texas Southern are continuing to enhance their facilities and also strengthen high demand academic programs. Florida made significant progress in the graduation of minority students from its two-year community colleges and increased the number of minority associate degree recipients who enroll in the state university system. It also increased funding for need-based and merit scholarships at its vocational schools, two-year colleges, and four-year universities.