FY 2003 Budget Summary - February 4, 2002
E. Higher Education Programs
The No Child Left Behind Act, with its promise of ensuring over time that all students—including poor and minority students—reach challenging State academic standards, will increase the need for high-quality postsecondary educational opportunities once those students complete high school. Combined with an economy that increasingly demands highly-skilled workers with advanced degrees, it is easy to see why higher education enrollment is expected to rise to 17.5 million by the year 2010, an increase of 20 percent from 1998. The Administration's request for Higher Education Programs will help the Nation's postsecondary institutions respond to the demands generated by a better educated citizenry and a technology-driven world. Higher Education Programs support institutional development, strengthened student services, opportunities for students to gain international expertise and training as language and area specialists, and innovations designed to improve the quality and availability of postsecondary education.
The 2003 request provides a $15.8 million increase, or 3.5 percent, to strengthen institutions of higher education that serve high proportions of minority and disadvantaged students, including Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Historically Black Graduate Institutions, Hispanic-serving Institutions, Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities, and Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving Institutions.
The budget includes a $4 million increase for the International Education and Foreign Language Studies (IEFLS) programs, which help meet the Nation's security and economic needs through the development of expertise in foreign languages and area and international studies. The increased complexity of the post-Cold War world and the events surrounding the September 11 terrorist attacks on the United States underscore the importance of maintaining and expanding American understanding of other peoples and their languages.
The request includes $802.5 million for the Federal TRIO Programs and $285 million for Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs (GEAR UP) to provide the educational outreach and support services that will help more than 2 million disadvantaged students to enter and complete college. The budget also would provide $82 million for merit-based scholarships and fellowships to postsecondary students under the Byrd Honors Scholarships, Javits Fellowships, and Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need (GAANN) programs.
Finally, a $39.1 million request for the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) would support a wide-range of projects to reform and improve postsecondary education, while $90 million for Teacher Quality Enhancement would continue support for projects to reform and improve teacher preparation programs and certification requirements.
The 2003 request for Title III demonstrates the Administration's strong commitment to ensuring access to high quality postsecondary education for the Nation's minority and disadvantaged students. A $12.7 million, or 3.5 percent, overall increase in Title III funding would help provide equal educational opportunity and strong academic programs for such students and help achieve greater financial stability for the institutions that serve these students.
A $3.1 million increase would expand and enhance the academic quality, institutional management, fiscal stability, and self-sufficiency of the colleges and universities that enroll large percentages of Hispanic students. Hispanic Americans are expected—by 2005 or sooner—to become the largest ethnic group in the United States, yet continue to lag behind their non-Hispanic peers in overall educational achievement. This request demonstrates the Administration's commitment to ensuring that Hispanic students have access to high quality postsecondary education and to closing the gaps between Hispanic and majority students in academic achievement, high school graduation, postsecondary enrollment, and life-long learning.
A $4 million increase would provide increased support for programs that strengthen the American education system in the area of foreign languages and international studies. These programs support comprehensive language and area study centers within the United States, research and curriculum development, opportunities for American scholars to study abroad, and activities to increase the number of underrepresented minorities in international service. In addition to promoting general understanding of the peoples of other countries, the Department's international programs also serve important economic, diplomatic, defense, and other security interests of the United States.
1 Includes $115.5 million for congressionally directed awards.
2 Includes $149.7 million for congressionally directed awards.
FIPSE supports exemplary, locally developed projects that are models for innovative reform and improvement in postsecondary education. The 2003 request would fund 176 new and continuing projects under the Comprehensive Program in a variety of priority areas, including containing the cost of postsecondary education. Additionally, the request would continue support for the international consortia programs and 27 projects previously funded under the Demonstration Projects to Ensure Quality Higher Education for Students with Disabilities program. The 2003 request does not include funds for projects earmarked in the 2002 appropriations act.
This program funds model demonstration projects that provide technical assistance and professional development activities for faculty and administrators in institutions of higher education in order to improve the quality of education for students with disabilities. Funds for continuing projects are requested under FIPSE. No funds are requested for new projects because such activities can be funded under FIPSE and the Research and Innovation program in the Special Education account.
1 It is anticipated that these funds will be used to support dissemination activities.
2 No initial decision has been made on the allocation of these funds.
The Federal TRIO Programs fund postsecondary education outreach and student support services for disadvantaged individuals to help them enter and complete postsecondary education programs. The 2003 request would support new competitions in the Upward Bound, Upward Bound Math/Science, McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement, and Dissemination Partnership Grants programs. Under the request, Student Support Services projects would continue to provide grant aid to increase the retention of the most needy college students. The request also would continue efforts to improve the effectiveness of the Upward Bound program, including increased recruitment of higher-risk students and the provision of work-study opportunities to increase student retention. The combined TRIO programs would serve a total of nearly 823,000 disadvantaged students.
GEAR UP provides mentoring, tutoring, academic and career counseling, and college scholarships to low-income elementary and secondary school students to give them the skills and encouragement they need to successfully pursue postsecondary education. The 2003 request would provide funding for all continuing projects. Through increased matching contributions, GEAR UP projects would add new cohorts of students, serving a total of nearly 1.4 million low-income students.
Byrd Honors Scholarships provide merit-based support in the amount of $1,500, through formula grants to States, to undergraduate students who demonstrate outstanding academic achievement. The 2003 request would provide awards for 27,334 scholars, including 6,548 new scholars.
Javits Fellowships provide up to 4 years of support to students of superior ability and financial need who are pursuing doctoral degrees, or the highest terminal degree, in the arts, humanities, and social sciences. The 2003 request would support 314 fellows for academic year 2004-2005, including 140 new fellows.
GAANN provides fellowships, through grants to postsecondary institutions, to graduate students of superior ability and financial need studying in areas of national need. Participating graduate schools must provide assurances that they will seek talented students from traditionally under-represented backgrounds. The 2003 request would support 971 fellows, including 537 new fellows.
The Thurgood Marshall Legal Educational Opportunity Program provides minority, low-income, or disadvantaged college students with the information, preparation, and financial assistance needed to gain access to and complete law school study. No funds are requested because disadvantaged individuals can obtain assistance through the Department's postsecondary student financial aid programs.
B.J. Stupak Olympic Scholarships provide financial assistance to athletes who are training at the United States Olympic Education Center or one of the United States Olympic Training centers and who are pursuing a postsecondary education. No funds are requested because athletes can receive grant, work-study, and loan assistance through the Department's postsecondary student aid programs.
This program supports the participation of low-income parents in the postsecondary education system by providing campus-based childcare services. Grants made to institutions of higher education must be used to supplement childcare services or start a new program, not to supplant funds for current childcare services. The program gives priority to institutions that leverage local or institutional resources and employ a sliding fee scale. Funds would be used for the continuation of grants previously funded in fiscal years 2001 and 2002. No funds are requested for new awards because the program is expected to lapse $5 million in 2002 and lapsed approximately $8.7 million in 2001, despite numerous efforts by the Department to generate interest through outreach, technical assistance workshops, and a presentation at the National Coalition for Campus Children's Centers conference.
The Teacher Quality Enhancement program helps improve the recruitment, preparation, licensing, and support of new teachers. State Grants may be used to reform teacher licensing and certification requirements, hold institutions of higher education accountable for high-quality teacher preparation, expand alternative pathways to teaching, and increase support for new teachers. Partnership Grants support a wide range of reforms and improvements in teacher preparation programs. Recruitment Grants help reduce shortages of qualified teachers in high-need school districts through scholarships, support services, and recruitment efforts. The 2003 request would maintain support for all continuing grants and would fund 8 new Partnership Grants.
The 2003 request would allow the Department to continue program evaluations and data collections for measuring program performance. In particular, funds would continue support for the evaluation of the Teacher Quality Enhancement program.
This program provides grants to non-profit educational organizations to establish facilities that house, display, and interpret artifacts relating to the history of the Underground Railroad, as well as to make the interpretive efforts available to institutions of higher education. No funds are requested because funds provided in previous fiscal years were sufficient to enable the program to make substantial progress in carrying out authorized activities.
These programs support the construction, reconstruction, and renovation of academic facilities at institutions of higher education. Funding for Interest Subsidy Grants and CHAFL Federal Administration is used solely to manage and service existing portfolios of facilities loans and grants made in prior years. The request for HBCU Capital Financing Federal Administration would support management and servicing of both existing and future loans.
The 2003 request would maintain support for Howard University's academic programs, research programs, endowment program, construction activities, and Howard University Hospital. The request reflects continued support for maintaining and improving the quality and financial strength of an institution that has played a continuing role in providing access to postsecondary educational opportunities for African Americans.
For further information contact the ED Budget Service
D: Student Financial Assistance
F: Education Research, Statistics, and Assessment
This page was last updated 02/04/02 (smj)