Appendix A — How This Plan Was Developed
Archived Information

Many individuals and organizations contributed to the development of this technology plan. The Office of Educational Technology played a key role throughout the planning process and in the preparation of the final report. Special thanks are due to the assistant secretaries, senior staff, and members of the Department of Education's technology team.

Seven regional forums brought together more than a thousand parents, teachers, business leaders, technology experts and researchers. These citizens submitted documents, made public statements, engaged in broad-ranging discussions, and provided us with a diverse tapestry of ideas, experiences, and concerns from regions all across America. The forums in Denver, Colorado; San Francisco, California; San Antonio, Texas; Kansas City, Missouri; Seattle, Washington; White Plains, New York; and Harrisburg, Pennsylvania would not have been possible without the assistance of the secretary's regional representatives.

The Department also wants to make special note of the suggestions of more than 400 educators and Technology industry leaders across the country who participated in a three-month on-line discussion of issues central to the plan. One unique aspect of this on-line conversation was a discussion by students organized and overseen by Montgomery Blair High School in Maryland; another was an on-line discussion for parents, directed by a parent and supported by the Consortium for School Networking. We are grateful to the suggestions from all these participants and believe this document reflects their concerns.

In addition, teams of educators and leaders from 50 states participated in the Secretary's Conference on Educational Technology, "Making It Happen," and they provided a rich source of ideas and experiences that shaped our vision and helped us articulate specific goals and action steps for the federal government, states, local communities, higher education, and the private sector.

The National Information Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIIAC) -- charged with promoting the development of the Information Superhighway -- produced its final report in January 1996, entitled KickStart Initiative: Connecting America's Communities to the Information Superhighway. KickStart and the council's deliberations provided important ideas and analysis for this plan.

Several outside organizations and contractors provided particular assistance in the development of this plan. The RAND Corporation's Critical Technologies Institute organized four workshops with leading experts and practitioners that focused on the dynamics of the software market; the barriers to professional development; the elements of planning and financing school technology and connectivity; and the impact of technology-supported student learning. More than 70 experts participated and their contributions were extremely valuable. RAND also compiled written summaries of the workshops, commissioned several additional papers, and prepared a final report on the elements of a national strategy. These reports, listed below, are publicly available. The Widmeyer Group conducted several citizen focus groups, and the American Institutes for Research assisted in the preparation of the written document. Carter/Cosgrove and Company was responsible for producing this document.

Finally, the National Science and Technology Council's Committee on Education and Training and its National Plan Working Group also made significant contributions.

The following reports of the RAND Corporation's Critical Technologies Institute are available by contacting RAND distribution services at (310) 451-7002 (voice), (310) 451-6915 (fax), or order@rand.org (electronic mail). They are also available online at http://www.ed.gov/ Technology/Plan/.

Glennan, Thomas, and Melmed, Arthur.
Fostering the Use of Educational Technology: Elements of a National Strategy. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1996. MR 682-OSTP.
Harvey, James, and Purnell, Susannah (eds.)
Technology and Teacher Professional Development. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, March 1995. DRU-1045-CTI.
Harvey, James (ed.)
Planning and Financing Educational Technology. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, March 1995. DRU-1041-CTI.
Harvey, James (ed.)
The Market for Educational Software. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, May 1995. DRU-1041-CTI.
Keltner, Brent, and Ross, Randy.
The Cost of School-Based Educational Technology Programs. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1996. MR-634-CTI/DoED.
Melmed, Arthur (ed.)
The Costs and Effectiveness of Educational Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, November 1995.

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Last Modified: 10/26/2011