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Toward A New Golden Age In American Education--How the Internet, the Law and Today's Students Are Revolutionizing Expectations
National Education Technology Plan 2004

Appendix D: Endnotes

1 National Commission on Excellence in Education, A Nation at Risk. (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, 1983). Available online at http://www.ed.gov/pubs/NatAtRisk/risk.html

2 Ibid.

3 Mathematics and reading: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. The Condition of Education 2004 (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2004). Available online at http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/2004/ pdf/11_2004.pdf; Science: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. The Condition of Education 2002 (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2002). Available online at http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/2002/pdf/12_2002.pdf

4 Jonathan Vasquez, "Are Schools Ready for Today's Students? A Sneak Preview of the National Educational Technology Plan (NETP)." Keynote panel, annual meeting of the National Educational Computing Conference (NECC), New Orleans, LA, June 20–24, 2004.

5 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994–2002 (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003).

6 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Young Children's Access to Computers in the Home and at School in 1999 and 2000 (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003).

7 Douglas Levin and Sousan Arafeh, The Digital Disconnect: The Widening Gap between Internet-Savvy Students and Their Schools (Washington, DC: The Pew Internet & American Life Project, 2002).

8 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics 2002 (NCES 2003-060) (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003). Available online at http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2003/2003060.pdf

9 U.S. Department of Education, 10 Facts about K–12 Educational Funding. (2004). Available online at http://www.ed.gov/about/overview/fed/10facts/index.html#chart2

10 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress. Available online at http://www.nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/main2003/2004452.pdf

11 U.S. Department of Education, "President Bush Proposes Record $57 Billion for FY 2005 Education Budget," press release, February 2, 2004. Available online at http://www.ed.gov/news/pressreleases/2004/02/02022004.html

12 For funding overview, see U.S. Department of Education, Fiscal Year 2005 Budget Summary, February 2, 2004. Available online at http://www.ed.gov/about/overview/budget/budget05/summary/edlite-section1.html

13 U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. The Nation's Report Card: Reading Highlights, 2003 (NCES 2004-452), by P. Donahue, and W. Grigg (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003). Available online at http://www.nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/main2003/2004452.pdf

14 U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. The Nation's Report Card: Mathematics Highlights, 2003 (NCES 2004-451), by J Braswell, M. Daane, and W. Grigg (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003). Available online at http://www.nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/main2003/2004451.pdf

15 U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics. The Nation's Report Card: Science 2000 (NCES 2003–453), by C. Y. O'Sullivan, M. A. Lauko, W. S. Grigg, J. Qian, and J. Zhang (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003). Available online at http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/main2000/2003453.pdf

16 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics 2002 (NCES 2003-060) (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003).

17 Ibid. See http://www.nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d02/tables/dt042.asp

18 Neil Howe and William Strauss, Millennials Rising: The Next Great Generation (New York: Vintage, 2000), 11.

19 Ibid.

20 Horatio Alger Association, The State of Our Nation's Youth (Alexandria, VA: Horatio Alger Association, 2003).

21 Ibid.

22 Ibid.

23 Ibid.

24 Ibid.

25 Ibid.

26 Ibid.

27 Ibid.

28 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Young Children's Access to Computers in the Home and at School in 1999 and 2000 (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics 2003).

29 Harris Interactive and Teenage Research Unlimited, Born to be Wired: The Role of New Media for a Digital Generation – A New Media Landscape Comes of Age. Executive Summary (Sunnyvale, CA: Yahoo! and Carat Interactive, 2003).

30 Amanda Lenhart, Maya Simon and Mike Graziano, The Internet and Education: Findings of the Pew Internet & American Life Project (Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project, 2001).

31 Amanda Lenhart, Lee Rainie and Oliver Lewis, Teenage Life Online: The Rise of the Instant-Message Generation and the Internet's Impact on Friendships and Family Relationships (Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project, 2001).

32 Junior Achievement, Personal Finance 2004: Executive Summary – JA Interprise Poll on Teens and Personal Finance (Colorado Springs, CO: Junior Achievement, Inc. 2004).

33 Harris Interactive and Teenage Research Unlimited, Born to be Wired: The Role of New Media for a Digital Generation – A New Media Landscape Comes of Age. Executive Summary (Sunnyvale, CA: Yahoo! and Carat Interactive, 2003).

34 Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Connected to the Future (Washington, DC: Corporation for Public Broadcasting, 2003).

35 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Young Children's Access to Computers in the Home and at School in 1999 and 2000 (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics 2003).

36 Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Connected to the Future (Washington, DC: Corporation for Public Broadcasting, 2003).

37 Horatio Alger Association, The State of Our Nation's Youth (Alexandria, VA: Horatio Alger Association, 2003), 17, 44.

38 Mark A. Edwards, "The Lap of Learning." The School Administrator Web Edition, April 2003, http://www.aasa.org/publications/sa/2003_04/edwards.htm.

39 See NetDay, "Voices and Views from Today's Tech-Savvy Students." Available online at http://www.netday.org/downloads/National_Findings_Highlights.pdf

40 U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994–2002 (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics 2003).

41 Douglas Levin and Sousan Arafeh, The Digital Disconnect: The Widening Gap between Internet-Savvy Students and Their Schools (Washington, DC: The Pew Internet & American Life Project, 2002).

42 See Consortium for School Networking (CoSN) Best Practices. Available online at http://3d2know.cosn.org

43 Ibid.

44 Ibid.

45 See State Educational Technology Directors Association (SETDA), National Leadership Institute Toolkit 2003. Available online at http://www.setda.org/content.cfm?sectionID=24

46 "Technology Counts '04, Global Links: Lessons from the World," Education Week, May 6, 2004.

47 Greg Botelho, "Online schools clicking with students." CNN.com. August 13, 2004. Available online at http://www.cnn.com/2004/EDUCATION/08/13/b2s.elearning/.

48 Ibid. See also "Technology Counts '04, Global Links: Lessons from the World," Education Week, May 6, 2004.

49 Ibid.

50 Center for Education Reform, National Charter School Directory 2004 (Washington, DC: Center for Education Reform, 2004).

51 Education Trust and National Alliance of Black School Educators, 2004 Accountability and Assessment Results (Washington, DC: The Education Trust, September 2004). Available online at http://www2.edtrust.org/EdTrust/Press+Room/nabse+progress.htm

52 Ibid.

53 Education Commission of the States, ECS Report to the Nation: State Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act (Denver, CO: Education Commission of the States, 2004).

54 Ibid, vi.


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