Liaison to the nonpublic school community for the U.S. Department of Education
Statistics About Nonpublic Education in the United States
Schools and Enrollment
In the fall of 2011, there were an estimated:
- 30,861 private elementary and secondary schools with,
- 4,494,845 students, and
- 420,880 full-time equivalent (FTE) teachers.
Note: These estimates include schools for which kindergarten is the highest grade.
|Other religious||Conservative Christian||Affiliated||Unaffiliated|
|Nonsectarian||Regular||Special Emphasis||Special Education|
|Other religious||Conservative Christian||Other affiliated||Unaffiliated|
|Nonsectarian||Regular||Special emphasis||Special education|
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For the 2011-2012 school year, private school full tuition averages were:
- $7,770 for elementary schools;
- $13,030 for secondary schools; and
- $13,640 for combined schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Private School Data File," 1999-2000, 2003-04, 2007-08 and 2011-12. (This table was prepared in June 2013.)
In the spring of 2011, an estimated 1.77 million students (1,770,000) were homeschooled in the United States. This represents an increase from the estimated 1.5 million students (1,508,000) who were being homeschooled in the spring of 2007. In addition, the estimated percentage of the school-age population that was homeschooled increased from 2.9 percent in 2007 to 3.4 percent in 2011.
Parents give various reasons for the decision to educate their children at home.
|A desire to provide religious instruction||64||83*||72*|
|A desire to provide moral instruction||77||83*||72*|
|A concern about environment of other schools||91||88||85|
|A dissatisfaction with academic instruction at other schools||74||73||68|
|A desire to provide a nontraditional approach to child's education||44||65||Not asked this year.|
|Child has other special needs||17||21||29|
|Child has a physical or mental health problem||15||11||16|
*Note: During these years, the surveys listed “a desire to provide religious or moral instruction” as a combined reason.Back to Top
In the 2012 NHES, parents were also asked which of their selected reasons for homeschooling was the most important.
|A concern about environment of other schools||25||Four percent increase from 2006-07 NHES results|
|Other reasons (include family time, finances, travel, and distance)||21||Seven percent increase from 2006-07 NHES results|
|A dissatisfaction with academic instruction at other schools||19||Two percent increase from 2006-07 NHES results|
|A desire to provide religious instruction||16||In the 2007 NHES, religious and moral instruction reasons asked as one with a 36 percent result|
|A desire to provide moral instruction||5||In the 2007 NHES, religious and moral instruction reasons asked as one with a 36 percent result|
|Child has a physical or mental health problem||5||Three percent increase from 2006-07 NHES results|
|A desire to provide a nontraditional approach to child's education||5||Interpret current data with caution, coefficient of variation is 30 percent or more|
|Child has other special needs||-||Reporting standards not met for 2011-2012|
SOURCE: Noel, A., Stark, P., and Redford, J. (2013). Parent and Family Involvement in Education, From the National Household Education Surveys Program of 2012 (NCES 2013-028), National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC. Retrieved September 30, 2013 from http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch.
List of Sources
U. S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Characteristics of Private Schools in the United States: Results From the 2011–12 Private School Universe Survey (NCES 2013-316).
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education, From the National Household Education Surveys Program of 2012 (NCES 2013-028).
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