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Frequently Asked Questions about Sex Discrimination

Are all school districts, colleges, and universities covered by Title IX?

Virtually all public school districts are covered by Title IX because they receive some federal financial assistance and operate education programs. Public colleges and universities generally receive federal financial assistance, and most private colleges and universities receive such assistance. There are some private colleges that do not receive any federal assistance, and Title IX does not apply to them.

Are all programs in a school or college covered if it receives federal financial assistance?

Generally, all programs in a school or college are covered if the school or college receives federal financial assistance. Title IX covers all programs of a school or college that receives financial assistance including academics, extracurricular, and athletics. Also, Title IX applies to all activities of a school or college, even those that occur off campus.

Does Title IX protect only students?

No, Title IX protects all participants in the program from discrimination, including parents, students, and employees.

Is there someone at my school who can help answer my Title IX questions?

All school districts, colleges, and universities receiving Federal financial assistance must designate at least one employee to coordinate their efforts to comply with and carry out their responsibilities under Title IX, or a Title IX coordinator. Your school is required to publish your Title IX coordinator’s contact information in your school’s notice of nondiscrimination, typically found in any bulletins, announcements, publications, catalogs, application forms, or other recruitment materials. The Title IX coordinator’s contact information should also be prominently posted on your school’s website.

Are schools responsible for addressing sexual harassment?

Yes, when schools become aware that sexual harassment is severe, persistent or pervasive, they must take effective actions. For more detailed information,visit our page on sexual harassment resources.

How do I know whether an athletic program is providing an equal opportunity under Title IX?

School districts and colleges are required to provide an equal opportunity in meeting student interest in sports, and in specific program areas like equipment and supplies and recruitment. For more detailed information, visit our Athletic Equity Resources page.

Last Modified: 10/16/2015